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That was the year that was...

First appearing in 1968, Club Mirror has published its way through decades of world history. Here, we take a whirlwind tour through just some of the major milestones in clubland, as well as key events in the UK and across the World in general. Enjoy!

1968

Club Mirror is born. In the same year the new Gaming Act is introduced. Massive sums are being spent on telling the nation that ‘A Double Diamond works wonders’, and that the Watney’s ‘Red Revolution’ has arrived. Meanwhile, the winds of democracy blow throughout Czechoslovakia in the ‘Prague Spring’. Dr Martin Luther King is assassinated in April, and Robert F. Kennedy in June. A Christmas Eve greeting from space comes from Apollo 8 Space Mission, December 24.

1969

Captain Morgan Rum makes its advertising debut inClub Mirror with ‘Had any Yo-Ho-Ho lately?’, and Teacher’s appears with its ‘Teacher’s does wonderful things to water’ campaign. The maiden flight of Concorde takes place, the Boeing 747 jumbo jet takes to the air and the Open University is launched. Richard Nixon becomes president of the United States and man sets foot on the moon. Golda Meir becomes prime minister of Israel and Yasser Arafat president of the new Palestine Liberation Organisation.

1970

Beer enthusiasts form the Campaign for Real Ale (CAMRA), Anwar Sadat is elected president of the United Arab Republic (Egypt) and President Nixon sends combat units into Cambodia. ABC shows The Partridge Family – hello David Cassidy.

Biafran War ends when the Biafran surrenders to Nigeria, Boeing 747 makes its maiden voyage and Muammar Gaddafi takes over rule of Libya.

Microprocessors reach Britain and Clive Sinclair then creates the first pocket calculator.

1971

Smirnoff tells Club Mirror and the world, ‘I thought the Kama Sutra was an Indian Restaurant until I discovered Smirnoff’. The Eagles, Supertramp and Queen form. The British House of Commons ends a 14-year debate and allows the United Kingdom to join the European Common Market. Internment without trial sees Belfast and Derry erupt. Two soldiers and 21 civilians die in three days of street battles. Flares are in.

1972

Pre-cursor of the current Rising Stars regular, Club Mirror’s Photo Call feature discovers an up-and- coming duo Cannon & Ball. Led Zeppelin’s classic, Stairway to Heaven, hits the airwaves and in the US the Coca-Cola Bottling Company recalls three million cans of Coke because some of the aluminum lids are found to be contaminated.

1973

Squires London Dry Gin claims to be the ‘fastest growing leading brand of gin’, while J&B Rare is launched on the club market. Pink Floyd releasesDark Side of the Moon, The Exorcist hits the screens, Juan Peron, president of Argentina from 1946 to 1955, is again elected to that post and the Watergate scandal hits the headlines. The three-day week in the UK affects most workers while to save fuel, a general speed limit of 50 mph is introduced and television broadcasts end at 10.30pm. Concorde slashes Atlantic flight time.

1974

The Good Beer Guide plans to advise its readers to avoid Watney’s ales ‘like the plague’, but tones this down at the last minute. Paper Lace’s Billy Don’t Be A Hero, David Essex, and John Denver’s Annie’s Songare all in the charts. Patty Hearst, daughter of multi- millionaire publisher Randolph Hearst, is abducted. Weeks later Hearst is seen helping her captors rob a San Francisco bank. Golda Meir resigns as premier of Israel, Valery Giscard d’Estaing is elected president of France, and, faced with impeachment over the Watergate affair, President Nixon resigns. Muhammad Ali knocks out George Forman and regains his heavyweight title.

1975

Fleetwood Mac’s Mick Fleetwood and John and Christine McVie are joined by new members Stevie Nicks and Lindsey Buckingham. Angola gains its independence from Portugal. Margaret Thatcher is the first woman elected to lead Britain’s Conservative Party and Egypt reopens the Suez Canal after eight years. The first Cricket World Cup is played in England in 1975. The West Indies beats Australia by 17 runs in the Lord’s final.

1976

Rocky, All The President’s Men, Marathon Man andThe Omen hit the big screen. Gymnast Nadia Comaneci of Romania is the darling of the Summer Olympics, while military spending in the world sky-rockets to $300 billion a year. Racial violence in black townships outside Johannesburg, South Africa, is the worst in 15 years. The raid on Entebbe; Israeli special forces storm a hijacked airliner in Uganda and rescue all but one of 104 hostages. UK Prime minister Harold Wilson shocks the country by resigning and successor James Callaghan faces a plummeting pound and soaring trade deficit.

1977

The new lotteries act allows clubs to run lotteries while London’s Penthouse Club boasts the biggest fruit machine in the land. Fleetwood Mac’s albumRumours is released, ready to stay on the album charts for three and a half years. Leo Sayer, KC and the Sunshine Band and ABBA’s Dancing Queen make the charts. An oil well shoots out of control in the North Sea, creating a slick 45 miles long and 30 miles wide.

1978

Croxley Green Community Association opens its doors having persuaded village residents to part with £1 per brick to build premises. Evita opens. Paul McCartney signs a $20 million recording contract with Columbia Records, Saturday Night Fever hits town and Sid Vicious of the Sex Pistols is arrested in New York, charged with murdering girlfriend Nancy Spungen. The Vatican has a tough time, with three popes in one year, following the untimely deaths of Paul VI followed by John Paul I. The College of Cardinals amazes the world by choosing a non- Italian, Cardinal Karol Wojtola of Poland, who becomes John Paul II. The world’s first test tube baby is born in Britain, Liverpool Cathedral is completed after 74 years in the making and the country’s first nudist beach opens at Brighton.

1979

There are 3,025 licensed clubs listed in Scotland, reports Club Mirror. The 1979 general election brings the country’s first woman prime minister, Margaret Thatcher, to power. General Samoza resigns as president of Nicaragua, and the Sandinistas succeed to power, Mother Teresa accepts the Nobel Peace Prize and in December, Soviet forces invade Afghanistan.

1980

Club Mirror launches its free reader legal service, and seven pages of new clubs are listed. A report on the 1980 National Club Show shows Brian Rix and Moira Anderson help to raise £6,000 for Mencap. Police obtain power to enter clubs without warrant. The first wave of privatisation hits – notably of British Airways – and the IRA revive the hunger strike at the Maze prison. John Lennon is shot to death in New York and Andrei Sakhorov is exiled to Gorky. Gang of Four including Mao’s wife go on trial in Beijing. Workers seize shipyards in Gdansk. Polish court recognises Solidarity as umbrella union.

1981

Beer sales are down a staggering 21%, attributed to Sir Geoffrey Howe raising duty. Bob Monkhouse is Club Mirror’s Comedian of the Year. Club of the Year for Special Achievement is the Lakeside Country Club, Surrey, cigarettes go up by 4p per pack of 20 and tea is the nation’s favourite drink according to a Water Research Council survey – 37% tea, 13% alcoholic, 12% coffee. Heavy increases in gaming machine duty are imposed by Sir Geoffrey Howe as part of a pack- age to recover revenues lost by the reduction in diesel road fuel duty. Charles and Diana marry and John McEnroe wins his first Wimbledon.

1982

The standard of entries are so high for the Club Mirror Awards that 14 Certificates of Merit are issued that year. The Young Ones shock the old ones on TV, while ET phones home. Culture Club hits the big time, and Ra Ra skirts and leg warmers are all the rage.

Argentina invades the Falklands and Britain recap- tures them – 255 British and 1,000 Argentinians die. Israel returns Sinai to Egypt. A mysterious disease is reported that kills 40% of its victims – AIDS.

1983

100 names are put forward for Club Mirror’s DJ of the Year Awards. The rate burden on clubs grows and the pace of growth is slackening. New sick pay arrangements introduced by the Government cause problems for clubs. Consumption of keg beers grows and sales of bottled beer is on the increase. Margaret Thatcher wins the general election and controver- sially puts the DeLorean Motor Company into receivership. The Hitler Diaries are exposed as fraudulent and Korean Air Lines 007 is shot down by a Soviet Missile.

1984

Striptease acts at Jolly’s Night Club, Caergwrle, near Wrexham, are complained about by 105 local peti- tioners. The Miners’ Strike begins following success- ful strikes in ‘72 and ‘74. Arthur Scargill becomes a familiar figure as leader of the National Union of Mineworkers. The Grand Hotel in Brighton is blast- ed by an IRA bomb during the year’s Conservative party conference, taking five lives.

1985

Sam Fox gets her big break, appearing on the front cover of Club Mirror! Posing on a ladder, she is tipped to climb to the top. The miners go back to their jobs, in most cases doomed to early redundancy. Live Aid concerts in London and Philadelphia raise millions of pounds for famine aid in Africa. Soviet Leader Chernenko dies and Mikhail Gorbachev, 54, takes over. In Columbia a volcano erupts killing 25,000. Barbie Dolls surpass in number the American popu- lation, and Sylvester Stallone hits the screens withRambo.

1986

Michael Barrymore is named Comedian of the Year in the Club Mirror Awards. He holds this accolade two years running. Is it because of this he goes on to host Strike it Lucky the following year, his first TV break? A nuclear accident at Chernobyl endangers the USSR and Europe. Challenger explodes 30 sec- onds after lift-off, and Panamanian army chief Manual Noriega is accused of drug dealing.

1987

A £600,000 cabaret club is planned for the Isle of Sheppey and heavy increases in gaming machine duty are imposed. Margaret Thatcher is elected for a third term.

Oliver North takes the fifth amendment in the Contra Investigation, and 338 of 452 accused are convicted in the famous Mafia trial, Polermo, Italy. Rita Hayworth and Fred Astaire die.

1988

The Clay Lane Club in Doncaster hits the headlines when Oliver Reed is laid across a pool table and shaved after calling members ‘northern working class pigs’. Club vice president Tony Lindley tells Club Mirror ‘it was just a bit of fun!’. White label, Whitbread’s low alcohol bitter, is launched on draught. Edwina Currie resigns after saying that most eggs in Britain are infected by salmonella. In Pakistan Benazir Bhutto is elected prime minister and Salman Rushie publishes The Satanic Verses, to be con-demned to death by the Ayatollah Khomeini. An earthquake in Armenia kills at least 25,000 people, spurring an international aid effort.

1989

Real ale fans are set for the offensive in a bid to pro- tect cask beer from the gravity threat of nitro keg bit- ters. A survey shows that seven out of 10 clubs now have cable or satellite TV, the highest proportion ever. Europe is transformed. Mikhail Gorbachev relaxes his grip on Soviet Party rule and nationalist and reformist fervour sweeps through Russia, Poland and Hungary.

In Prague, Havel changes from prisoner to presi- dent, while in East Germany, Erich Honecker is deposed. On November 9, the German Democratic Republic announces that all citizens are free to travel; the Berlin Wall tumbles. Bloody battles in Romania and dictator Nicolae Ceaucescu and his wife are tried and executed. In China, students join the clamour for change, but demonstrations in Tiananmen Square are suppressed.

1990

 John Major succeeds Maggie Thatcher and leading anti-apartheid campaigner Nelson Mandela is freed from prison in South Africa after 27 years. Boris Yeltsin is elected President of the Russian Federation and the first Moscow McDonald’s opens. Hot pants and mini skirts are back, tent dresses and pant suits are in.

1991

The Gulf War explodes onto our television screens. Terry Anderson, the last US Hostage in Lebanon is released, Slovenia and Croatia declare Independence from Yugoslavia, Elizabeth Taylor marries her eighth husband, Larry Fortensky, and after 13 seasons soapDallas ends with JR apparently shooting himself (the original assailant was revealed ten years earlier!).

1992

Club Mirror magazine is now £3.25 and incorporates Club Secretary. Mr S. Ferris is classified ad manager and the Manager of the Month competition is now a regular in the magazine. Black Wednesday’s stock market crisis forces the UK out of the ERM, and Miss Flowers alleges an affair with presidential candidate Bill Clinton. Andre Agassi wins Wimbledon and Mike Tyson is sentenced to six years for rape.

1993

Labour MP Eric Illsley calls for a complete ban on alcohol for drivers, John Smith’s Bitter sponsors the Great Britain Rugby League Team and Famous Grouse sponsors the Scottish Rugby Union. Budweiser launches the UK Budweiser Basketball League. Linford Christie takes the 100 metres gold at the World Athletics Championship.

1994

Club Mirror’s market report shows that the number one drinks in clubland are Diamond White for cider, Bell’s for whisky, Bacardi for white spirit, Holsten for bottled beer, Carling Black Label for draught lager, Worthington Best for draught bitter and Guinness for stout. Tetley’s Smooth Keg is launched. Barbara Windsor joins EastEnders, Ab Fab is a must and Britpop and Prozac hit the headlines.

1995

Club Mirror runs a Carling competition to win a video of Carling ads, including ‘Sunrise’ – beating the Germans to the sunloungers. A Sun Readers’ poll shows that ‘I bet he drinks...’ is the second most famous catchphrase in the English language after ‘To be or not to be’. Eleven die in a cult nerve gas attack in a Japanese subway, and Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols are arrested for the Oklahoma bombing, O J Simpson is acquitted of murder and the US space shuttle docks with Russian space station Mir.

1996

A row rages over alcoholic lemonades and Scottish Courage links up with the Institute of Bar Management in a bid to improve training across the club trade. Clubs around the country watch Euro ‘96 to the tune of Three Lions, courtesy of The Lightning Seeds and football-mad comedians David Baddiel and Frank Skinner. Clinton remains US President, a lone gunman in Scotland stuns the country when he murders 16 children, and ‘Mad Cow Disease’ forces the destruction of over 1 million cows. Princess Diana gets £26 million in her divorce settlement, but loses the title ‘Royal Highness’, and Michael Jackson mar- ries LA nurse Debbie Rowe, six months pregnant.

1997

Operators lobby for deregulation of the casino industry, hoping that it can follow in the profitable footsteps of bingo clubs. Men Behaving Badly are still behaving badly, while Ally McBeal and theTeletubbies find TV stardom. Pol Pot surrenders in Cambodia and the Sojourner vehicle roams Mars sending pictures back to earth. The world mourns the death of Mother Teresa, 87, and of Princess Diana who dies in a car crash in Paris. Dolly the cloned sheep hits the headlines, and Mike Tyson bites off the ear of Evander Holyfield in a title fight.

1998

Suits you Sir ads for Holsten Pils hit the screen, and as part of its Pure Entertainment campaign it also sponsors a tour of the Manic Street Preachers. Barcrest previews Costa Del Cash, Tessa Jowell (health minister) makes her strongest hint yet that she intends to act to curb smoking in all public places, including clubs. Clinton denies sexual relations with 21-year old intern Monica Lewinsky, and Exxon and Mobil prepare to merge.

1999

NATO forces led by Britain and the United States begin air attacks on Serbia. BBC TV presenter Jill Dando is shot dead and a nail bomb explodes in a Soho pub. There’s a total eclipse of the sun over Britain and Ali G makes his TV debut. Victoria and David become Mrs and Mr Beckham, Prince Edward and Sophie Rhys-Jones marry, as do Zoe Ball and Fat Boy Slim. Radio 1 refuses to play Cliff Richard’sMillennium Prayer, while the country enjoys the Millennium celebrations. The Phantom Menace, The Sixth Sense, Toy Story 2 and Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me are top earners for the film world.

2000

Des O’Connor hosts the Club Mirror Awards at the Celtic Manor. Ken Livingstone, the independent can- didate and maverick MP expelled from Labour, is chosen as London’s first elected mayor and the Conservatives take control of 16 councils, winning 592 seats.

2001

Tom O’Connor is a huge hit at the Club MirrorAwards. Ariel Sharon is elected as Israeli prime min- ister and the world is stunned by the sight of the World Trade Centre’s twin towers crashing down. For the first time ever, the UK has more people aged over 60 than under 16, while square melons are an interesting contribution to the culinary world from Japan.

2002

Paul Daniels and the lovely Debbie host the Club Mirror Awards at the Wintergardens, Blackpool. The industry awaits the final draft of the guidance notes for licensing reform and the timetable for implementation. A devastating year for Palestinians and Israelis, weapons inspectors return to Baghdad and Zimbabwe’s economy is on the brink of collapse. Britain and the United States advise their citizens to consider leaving India, because of the threat of war with Pakistan. The World Cup takes place in South Korean capital, Seoul. Robbie Williams signs £80m deal and around 400,000 people from across the UK march through central London to highlight the needs of rural communities.

2003

Club Mirror is published by Alchemy Contract Publishing and publishing director is Sean Ferris (who first worked on the magazine in 1992). Smoking bans, ID cards and deregulation of gaming hit the headlines again and just the belief that you are drinking alcohol can lead to poor judgement and impaired memory, say psychologists. The Hutton Inquiry shocks the nation, and it’s goodbye to Alistair Campbell and Concorde. The European Union says it will impose diplomatic sanctions against Cuba over its human rights record. Saudi Arabia promises to do “whatever it takes” to uphold security after the Riyadh suicide bombings. Thailand’s interior ministry says the death toll from a crackdown on drugs has reached 993 in 24 days. The invasion of Iraq is followed by unrest and a hunt for Saddam, who is caught in the last month of the year. Bob Monkhouse sadly loses his battle against cancer on 29th December. England win the Rugby World Cup.

2004

In February 2004 Club Mirror HQ is launched, Club Mirror and the RMA join forces to host the UK conference for Club Managers and soft drinks on-trade value sales break the £2 billion barrier for the first time, with major player Britvic Soft Drinks contribut- ing a 20% growth over the last year. Carlsberg-Tetley raises its prices for ales and lagers by an average of 4.9%. CCE withdraws all stocks of its Dasani bottled water following health scares. Elsewhere Britvic signs a new bottling agreement with Pepsi and continues as PepsiCo’s exclusive bottling partner in the UK, manufacturing, distributing and jointly promoting Pepsi and 7UP. Carslberg changes its name from Carlsberg-Tetley to Carlsberg UK and Sebastopol Social Club, Sebastopol Cwmbran, is named Britain’s Best Real Ale Club in the prestigious CAMRA (Campaign for Real Ale) ‘Club of the Year’ competition. Club Mirror reports that credit cards and debit cards are expected to overtake cash as the favoured way to pay for goods. The findings of the Hutton report are published. The CIA admits that there was no evidence of weapons of mass destruction before the invasion of Iraq in 2003 and the Republic of Ireland begins its smoking ban. Tony Blair is hit by a purple flower bomb in the House of Commons. Saddam Hussein’s trial begins. A tsunami hits Thailand on Boxing Day, dominating the nationals.

2005

The minimum wage rises to at least £5 per hour and Guinness signs a deal worth £20 million to become sponsor of the rugby premiership, ending seven years of sponsorship from insurance company Zurich.

Keri Farish from Maryport, Cumbria, beats over 20,000 contestants to become the champion of the UK’s largest independent karaoke competition, sponsored by Mediatheme, manufacturer of Entertainer Pro, and Fuller’s Brewery launches cask beer ‘Discovery’. New Health Secretary Patricia Hewitt hints at an all-out smoking ban, according to the national press and Sport England’s Clubmark scheme, which aimed to raise standards in UK sports clubs records 1,000 fully accredited clubs across 20 different sports. Camilla Parker Bowls and Prince Charles are married. Four bombs hit the London transport system killing hundreds and Hurricane Katrina hits New Orleans, damaging land and killing hundreds.

2006

Club Mirror reports that according to the European Union, clubs with both male and female members must ensure that women enjoy the same status and entitlements as men by 2007 or face prosecution. The introduction of Identity Cards (ID Cards) is bought a step closer and reports from the BBC suggest that the government may rise the legal age for buying tobacco in the UK from 16 to 18 years of age. Liverpool City Council becomes the first local authority in the country to allow under 18s to lie about their age in test pur- chases of alcohol. Tuesday 14 February 2006 was an historic day for the club industry, when MPs voted in favour of banning smoking in all enclosed public spaces, a decision to change clubland forever.

Elsewhere brewing giant Scottish Courage changed its name to Scottish & Newcastle UK and MP for St Helens South, Shaun Woodward, was appointed Minister for Creative Industries and Tourism, with responsibility for licensing. A new industry scheme following on from Club Mirror’s ‘Plan for the Ban’ called ‘Fresh Air, Fresh Thinking’ is given room to breath with help from clean air initiative, AIR. The smoking ban comes into force in Scotland. The 2006 FIFA World Cup begins in Germany and Saddam Hussein is executed in Baghdad.

2007

Guinness launches, on trial bases only, Guinness Red, a new variant which uses lighter roasted barley and Club Mirror begins its coverage on the looming smoking ban, set to start July 1. The Connaught Bingo Club, Herne Bay, Kent celebrates its 40th Birthday and Britain’s oldest employee, Buster Martin, celebrates his 101st birthday with his own brew. Alan Johnson, a BBC journalist is taken hostage while reporting in Gaza City. The smoking ban hits the UK clubs. Tony Blair resigns as British Prime Minister, leaving his position to Gordon Brown. Mike Reid, host of the 2006 Club Awards, sadly dies unexpectedly from a heart attack.

2008

John Smith's unveils its 2008 No Nonsense Racing programme, Manchester is named the friendliest city in the UK and Tony Jacklin swings to victory at The Open, Royal Lytham. Golf clubs benefit from the media spotlight.

Towards the end of the year fears surround the UK banking system. Lehman Brothers bank files for bankruptcy in the US and in the UK HBOS enters into merger talks with Lloyds to prevent its collapse. Interest rates are cut to the lowest for 57 years, bank shares continue to fall and US stocks slide to a five year low. UK banks receive a £37bn bailout.

Elsewhere, Kosovo's prime minister Hashim Thaci declares independence from Serbia to mixed international reaction and Radovan Karadzic, Bosnian Serb president during in the 1990s, is charged with genocide.

2009

Club Mirror goes online and Clare Balding wows an appreciative audience at the Club Awards. Drinks companies are busy, J2O re-launches and Carlsberg UK announces a £7m marketing investment in San Miguel.

Recession hits Britain as the economy shrinks at its fastest rate since the war and the MPs expenses scan- dal angers the country. Manchester United accepts a world record £80m bid for Cristiano Ronaldo from Real Madrid and Michael Jackson's death shocks the world. Slovakia becomes the 16th Eurozone country, and Barack Obama is inaugurated as the 44th President of the USA.

2010

Steve Rider hosts the Club Awards and Club Mirror'strade events and Beer Festival prove popular with readers. Amongst the many drinks brands stories are Guinness signing a series of rugby sponsorships, a well-stocked walk-in fridge hiding behind a Heineken poster (London) and the launch of the WKD Good Kebab Guide.

An earthquake in Haiti claims 230,000 lives, ash from an Icelandic volcanic suspends flights across Europe and Tony Blair gives evidence at the Iraq inquiry. Alistair Darling cuts stamp duty for first-time buyers and a Conservative-led coalition government with the Liberal Democrats is formed. Club Mirrorholds its first Club Associations Luncheon and Awards.

2011

Club Mirror and readers lobby government to have Private Members Clubs and clubs operating under a Club Premises Certificate exempted from the pro- posed Early Morning Restriction Orders (EMROs) and the Late Night Levy (LNL). John Inverdale hosts the Club Awards to great acclaim and Club Mirrorbrews its own beer. Newcastle Brown Ale emphasis- es its Geordie roots, Diageo launches a consumer drive for Smirnoff Flavours and Bulmers announces limited edition Crisp Blend.

Further afield and drama unfolds across the globe with the killing of Osama bin Laden and Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. The Arab Spring sees successful protests in Tunisia and Egypt and Japan loses 16,000 people to the tsunami. Apple icon Steve Jobs dies.

2012

Club Mirror continues rallying readers when a con- sultation on Early Morning Restriction Orders (EMROs) and the Late Night Levy (LNL) is issued by the Home Office. Clubs must act, warns Club Mirror. Chris Hollins hosts the Club Awards to great acclaim, and other crowd pullers at the same venue on the same day include the John Smith's Grand National Trophy, Club Mirror’s Ask the Experts Live and Club Mirror’s Annual Beer Festival. Clubs, suppliers and brands alike get excited about the Olympics, UEFA EURO 2012 and a spectacular summer of sport.

Elsewhere, and Vladimir Putin becomes president of Russia (for a third term), Francois Hollande defeats Nicholas Sarkozy to become president of France and Libyans go to the polls for the first time since the ousting of Colonel Gaddafi.

2013

The end of the escalator tax for beer is announced, Carlsberg rolls out its first cider (Somersby), Club Mirror launches regional trade shows and George Dawson and John Tobin are returned as CIU President and Vice-President respectively for another two-year term. Hazel Irvine proves toast of the town at the Club Awards and the Tetley's Challenge Cup makes its first Club Awards appearance.

Credit rating agency Moody's cuts the UK's AAA rating to AA1, warning of sluggish economic growth, and Canadian Mark Carney takes over as Governor of the Bank of England. The 'Bedroom tax' causes uproar, UKIP gains 139 seats and former Prime Minister Baroness Thatcher dies (87).

Also unforgettable – the horsemeat scandal, the phone hacking trial begins, the skeleton of King Richard III is discovered, Sir Alex Ferguson retires and Andy Murray wins Wimbledon. Pope Benedict XVI resigns (the first pope to do so since 1415). North Korea plans to expand its nuclear arsenal despite UN warnings and Syria hits the headlines yet again. Leaked details of the NSA surveillance programme are published and Nelson Mandela, South Africa's ex-president, dies, aged 95.

2014

The drinks industry toasts George Osborne as he cuts the price of beer and freezes duties on spirits and cider. A ban on below-cost alcohol comes into force and the popularity of electronic cigarettes is causing consternation in terms of defining them. The City of London Corporation ratifies the decision to intro- duce a Late Night Levy and pub closures hit 31 per week. Germany beats Argentina 1-0 in extra time to win football’s 20th FIFA World Cup in Rio de Janeiro. At the 143rd British Golf Open Rory McIlroy shoots a 271 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club and Europe wins the 40th Ryder Cup.

On the world stage, Human Rights Activist Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi win the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon calls for global action on climate change after warn- ings from scientists. The World Health Organisation estimates 1,900 people have died from the Ebola virus out of 3,500 infected in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sierra Leone.

Early in the year the Syrian civil war death toll reaches 130,000, with 4 million displaced. The mili- tary stage a coup in Thailand (its 11th since 1932) and the UN Security Council call for an immediate and indefinite humanitarian ceasefire between Israel and Hamas. The US agree to resupply arms to Israel and provides $US225 million in additional funding for Israel's Iron Dome defence.

Russia formally annexes Crimea. NATO suspends cooperation with Russia and The Council of Europe suspends Russia's right to vote. Russian President Putin signs agreements with China in relation to trade and infrastructure.

Closer to home, and Stephen Hawking claims that Artificial Intelligence could be a “threat to mankind” and spell the end of the human race. The Church of England votes in favour of allowing women to become bishops and Scotland votes ‘NO’ in a referendum deciding whether or not to stay with the United Kingdom.

And on a lighter note: The Guardian newspaper calls 2014 ‘The year the people stood up’, Beji Caid Essebsi is sworn in as Tunisia’s first ever freely elected President, and in Copenhagen chaos erupts after the Swedish Public Employment Service mistakenly invites 61,000 people to a job interview in Stockholm.

2015

Club Mirror publisher ACP launchesSports4Bars.com, its first pan-hospitality electronic magazine. Club Rugby magazine also joins the portfolio, dedicated to all rugby clubs and offi- cials around the country, and ACP Club Awards’ rugby club finalists appear on BT Sport’s Rugby Tonight programme, explaining their road to success. ACP is also proud to be appointed publisher of the CIU’s illustrious magazine Club Journaland becomes organiser of the Union’s annual Beer & Trade show in Blackpool.

On the entertainment front, Star Wars: The Force Awakens earns a record $US 517m in global ticket sales, second only to Jurassic World’s opening weekend. Adele’s third album sells 5m copies in the US as soon as it goes on sale. Still in the US and 40% of Republicans support Donald Trump to be the party’s next nominee for presidency, according to polls. Experts, however, continue to dismiss Trump’s chances.

Europe is shocked when masked gunmen kill 12 people in the Paris office of satirical weekly magazine, Charlie Hebdo. Boris Nemtsov, vocal critic of Vladimir Putin, is assassinated in Moscow and Germanwings Flight 9525 crashes in the French Alps killing 150 people when co-pilot, German Andreas Lubitz, deliberately crashed the plane.

2016

ACP continues to launch, with Sports Club Management and the launch of the first ever pan- hospitality Social Media Awards, designed to recognise those who are busy using social media to engage with customers and members – from clubs and pubs to hotels and restaurants, and from sports resorts to casual dining outlets . ACP attends the House of Commons All-Party Parliamentary Group for Non-Profit Making Members’ Clubs as guests of the CIU. This Group aims to support clubs and make their collective voice heard in the corridors of power.

The UK’s Brexit vote takes many by surprise and sees Prime Minister David Cameron resign. Theresa May takes his place. Jeremy Corbyn retains his leader- ship of the Labour Party, despite a leadership challenge.

Legends Prince and David Bowie die and Guns ‘n Roses Axel Rose performs with ACDC after singer Brian Johnson withdraws because of hearing problems.

Andy Murray wins Wimbledon, the Rio Olympics see the UK shine with 67 medals, and Laura Trott and Jason Kenny marry. Euro 2016 see disappointment for England, Leicester wins the 2015/16 Barclays Premiership and Arnold Palmer dies – R.I.P.

The nation enjoys celebrating the Queen’s 90th birthday and Rupert Murdoch marries Jerry Hall. Apple receives an £11bn tax demand from the European Commission, the US and Russia clash over air strikes on Syria, North Korea undertakes more nuclear tests, the US Presidential elections are still underway and the immigration crisis and ISIS con- tinue to dominate world news.

2017

An interesting year with the repercussions of the Brexit vote still being much debated, 2015’s predictions that Donald Trump would never make it into the Whitehouse prove unfounded and global unrest notches up a gear as North Korea makes its nuclear stance felt.

Bruce Forsyth and Paul Daniels, both one-time presenters of the Club Awards, leave the stage as do Hugh Hefner, Glen Campbell, Fats Domino and Tom Petty.

Roger Federer wins Wimbledon, England wins the Women’s World Cup Cricket and Lewis Hamilton wins his fourth world title.

Latest launches from ACP see Club Football and Club Cricket join the Club Mirror stable. Launched to great acclaim the electronic titles are rammed with facts, stats, previews and predictions as well as top advice on making clubs the best that they can possibly be – from membership management and groundsmanship to better business and staff manage- ment.

Club Mirror’s HQ Building the Business is welcomed when it launches. The free advisory service sees clubs making savings on everything from utilities to equipment with no contracts and no obligations involved. A Racing Club is also launched with dis- counts negotiated for readers’ clubs and their members.

The Club Awards grow out of their Manchester venue and move to Doncaster Racecourse to cope with ever increasing numbers. The Awards and Gala Dinner continue to include a Beer Festival and Drinks Reception and welcome club stalwart John Inverdale as its host. All attendees are invited to a free day’s racing on 1 December the day after the Awards.

Sister title Club Rugby continues to go from strength to strength and works with Club Mirror and BT Sport to invite clubs to join in a live broadcasting of Rugby Tonight.

ACP continues to attend the House of Commons All-Party Parliamentary Group for Non-Profit Making Members’ Clubs and reports on CORCA meetings during the year.

Club Mirror’s 50th Birthday is announced. Being celebrated in 2018, ACP plans a serious of events throughout the year, taking the party out to clubs and promoting clubland with a PR campaign.

2018

North Korea’s ceremonial head heads to South Korea, South Africa’s ANC ‘decides Zuma must go’, the Salisbury nerve agent attack sees world leaders condemn Russia, President Trump continues to hit the headlines, including a landmark visit to North Korea and the sacking of the US Secretary of State. Physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking dies, as does author Philip Roth, 1966 World Cup footballer Ray Wilson and, from the world of music, Joe Jackson, Aretha Franklin and Charles Aznavour. In sport, Novak Djokovic wins Wimbledon, England reaches the World Cup semis, Manchester City wins the 2017/2018 Premiership title and Saracens RFC win the Premiership Rugby play-off to take the crown.

Meanwhile, closer to home, Club Mirror celebrates 50 years of serving the club sector with year- round activities – from comedy nights to brewery tours, and from racedays to BT Sport’s Rugby Tonight – culminating at the celebration of clubs and clubland at the 2018 Club Awards and Gala Dinner.

Further celebration comes in the form of a brand new up-to-the-minute website providing practical advice, industry insights and fun facts, all designed to boost the club sector still further. Watch out for streaming, video clips and top tips.

Still on Social Media and Club Mirror, Club Cricket, Club Football, Club Rugby and Sports4Bars.com practice what they preach, steam- ing ahead with tweeting and sharing industry infor- mation as well as re-tweeting readers’ club news. Also, watch out for a new website and twitter account for hsma.biz – our Hospitality Social Media Awards. Meanwhile, all of our electronic titles continue to hit the spot, reporting on everything from legislation and licensing, to sports events and business-building concepts.

On the topic of Awards, in addition to the Club Awards (27-years strong), watch out for new big launches in 2019 – the Golf Awards and Rugby Awards. Big news and hot topics. Interest in the 2018 Hospitality Social Media Awards is escalating rapidly and expect to see a lot of interest from clued-up suppliers plugging into this unique pan-sector event.

The team continues to work with and across club associations and prints its annual Associations A-Z, providing information, inter- views and insights into those helping clubs to maintain and build their business.

On the business building theme, HQ Building the Business speeds ahead with savings on all aspects of club business. The what’s-not-to-love no-contract, no-cost service continues to appeal to savvy clubs keen to improve their bottom line and increase effi- ciencies with free expert advice.

The Racing Club sees record numbers of clubs heading out to the tracks for a great day out – not least to Doncaster Racecourse where Club Awards finalists and guests are welcomed to the first day of Winter racing.

Out and about in the industry sees the team roaming the country on location reports –Wales, Northern Ireland, the South-West, Tyne-and-wear and Yorkshire to name but a few – while the Club Awards judges have their work cut out with a record number of entries to the 2018 Awards.

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